What Is The Agreement That Ended The Soviet Union

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When the trio met, they realized they had a problem: they had no legal possibility of signing binding agreements without Gorbachev. Burbulis proposed a solution: a declaration that the Soviet Union no longer existed. The others agreed. Then someone indicated that they represented three of the four republics that had signed the document on the founding of the Soviet Union in 1922 – and that the fourth, the Republic of Transcaucas, had been dissolved in 1936. This seemed to give a legal basis to their actions. Leaders agreed to create a new community of independent states (the word “Commonwealth” was considered more neutral than “Union” or “federation”). Gorbachev introduced two political measures, which he hoped would help the USSR become a more prosperous, more productive nation. The first of these was known as glasnost, or political openness. Glasnost eliminated traces of Stalinist repression, such as the ban on books and the ubiquitous secret police, and gave new freedoms to Soviet citizens. Political prisoners have been released. Newspapers could criticize the government. For the first time, parties other than the Communist Party could participate in the elections.

The Constituent Republics began to declare national sovereignty and began a “war of laws” with the central government of Moscow; They rejected trade union laws that are at odds with local laws, claim control of their local economy and refused to pay taxes. Landsbergis, president of the Supreme Council of Lithuania, also freed Lithuanian men from compulsory service in Soviet forces. This conflict caused economic disruption due to the breakdown of power lines and led to a further decline of the Soviet economy. [81] On 24 October, the Supreme Soviet union passed a law removing special seats for representatives of the Communist Party and other official organizations. On 26 October, 20 factories held strikes and rallies in Lviv to protest against the police brutality of 1 October and the authorities` unwillingness to prosecute those responsible. From 26 to 28 October, the environmental association Zelenyi Svit (Friends of the Earth – Ukraine) held its founding congress and, on 27 October, the Ukrainian Parliament passed a law that was to abolish the special status of a Member of Parliament for the party and other official organisations. In particular, the Ukrainian referendum sealed the fate of the Soviet Union and led Shushkevich to invite the Belavezha meeting. Kravchuk insisted that it was Boris Yeltsin who first proposed a meeting without Gorbachev, a claim that Shuzhkevich strongly denied (“And there is nothing wrong with my memory”). In 1988, Gorbachev lost control of two regions of the Soviet Union, with the Baltic republics moving towards independence and the Caucasus descending into violence and civil war. The collapse of the Soviet Union, a succession of events that led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 31 December 1991.

The former superpower has been replaced by 15 independent countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. On 8 December, the Russian President met with the leaders of Belarus and Ukraine in a villa outside Minsk and signed an agreement for the constitution of the Commonwealth of Independent States. “The Soviet Union as a theme of international and geopolitical reality no longer exists,” the text of the agreement states. Less than two weeks later, at a meeting in the Kazakh city of Alma-Ata, eight other Soviet republics agreed to join the new unit. After the Baltic states declared independence from Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia months earlier, the USSR had returned to a republic – Kazakhstan. The Commonwealth of Independent States has also accepted Gorbachev`s resignation – although he has not yet been tendered.