Three Agreements Of The Berlin Act

Posted by in Uncategorized

The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, also known as the Congo Conference or West Africa[1], regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the period of the new imperialism and coincided with The sudden rise of Germany into imperial power. The conference was organized by Otto von Bismarck, Germany`s first chancellor. Its outcome, the general law of the Berlin conference, may be seen as a formalization of the fight for Africa, but some historians warn against a tailor-made role in the colonial division of Africa and draw attention to bilateral agreements concluded before and after the conference. [2] [3] The conference helped to launch a period of strengthened colonial activities by European powers that eliminated or superimposed most of the existing forms of African autonomy and autonomy. [4] The European race to the colonies allowed Germany to launch its own expeditions, which frightened both British and French statesmen. In the hope of rapidly defusing the brewing conflict, King Leopold II of Belgium convinced France and Germany that common trade in Africa was in the best interests of the three countries. With the support of the British and the initiative of Portugal, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck called on representatives of 13 nations in Europe and the United States to participate in the Berlin Conference of 1884 in order to develop a common policy on the African continent. The contract brought the condo to life in Samoa between the United States, Germany and Great Britain. It was to guarantee respect for the rights of the three powers, as guaranteed in separate treaties with the Samoan regime in 1878 and 1879. In addition, the independence and neutrality of the Samoan government was guaranteed, public finances were reorganized and the Samoan king elected in 1881 was restored. In order to strengthen justice, a post of supreme JUDGE of the United States and Europe was created and the commune of Apia was reconstituted under the chairmanship of a President of the Council. Germany felt compelled to act and began to launch its own African expeditions, which frightened British and French statesmen, because of the undermining of Bismarck`s balance of power in European politics, caused by the Leopold Games and the European race to the colonies that followed.

In the hope of quickly defusing this brewing conflict, King Leopold II succeeded in convincing France and Germany that common trade in Africa was in the best interests of the three countries. With the support of the British and the Portuguese initiative, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck called representatives of Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden and Norway (Union until 1905), the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America participated in an international conference in Berlin to develop a common policy of colonization and trade in Africa and to draw colonial borders in division Africa`s official government. However, the United States did not participate in the conference, both because it was unable to participate in territorial expeditions and because it felt that it did not give more legitimacy to the conference. The Berlin Conference lasted nearly four months of deliberations, from 15 November 1884 to 26 February 1885. By the end of the conference, the European powers had shared Africa well and had very well preserved the borders of Africa as we know them today.