Eu Libya Migration Agreement
Indeed, the general policy of cooperation with the Libyan authorities on border control and management has been developed and implemented in a coherent manner at EU level. It began in 2013 with the launch of the EU`s Libya Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) to help the Libyan authorities improve and develop the security of the country`s borders.  The modification of the mandate of the naval operation EunavforMed Sophia, mandated since June 2016 continued to train members of the Libyan coastguard. It was reinforced by the joint communication of the European Commission and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs on 25 January 2017, which makes it one of the main priorities of measures to strengthen the capacity of the Libyan coastguard.  The strategy was completed by Malta`s declaration of 3 February 2017, which explicitly made training, equipment and assistance to the Libyan national coastguard and other relevant agencies a top priority. It is essential that this declaration also confirms the intention to strengthen the integration of migration into official EU development assistance for Africa, including by mobilising funds from the EU Emergency Stability Fund and addressing the root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa (EUTFA). Human Rights Watch researched the report in Libya from July 4 to 12, 2018. Although we have asked the Government of the National Agreement (GNA) Ministry of the Interior to have access to all institutions run by the Directorate of Illegal Migration (DCIM) in western Libya, DCIM provides access to only four immigration prisons in Ain Zara, Tajoura, Zuwara and Misrata. All interviews with detainees were private and the ear of the guards. The staff at the centre did not determine who we spoke to. The guards could see us, but we couldn`t hear when we did interviews. An interviewee who escaped a few weeks after our visit told us that a security guard had pushed him to tell our questions and what he had told us. In parallel with its joint efforts to prevent boat migration from Libya, the EU is implementing UN programmes to help migrants and asylum seekers escape arbitrary detention in Libya.
Although these programmes have helped many people escape inhumane treatment and conditions, they have done little to address the systemic problems associated with the detention of migrant refugees in Libya and serve as a vine leaf to cover the unfairness of the EU`s containment policy. However, Libya is currently in turmoil, caused both by the political impasse over the non-consensus on Libya`s political agreement and by security disputes that have culminated in instability and terrorist attacks or threats; economic difficulties, power cuts and the acute currency crisis. In fact, there are currently three rival governments. However, the agreement between the EU and Libya was signed with the UN-backed Government of the National Agreement (GNA). It is therefore mysterious why the EU will reach an agreement with a country in such a sheet. The agreement could therefore be a reactive response to the demand of many European citizens for their respective governments to control migration. Among these concerns is the rise of far-right political trends and not a German plan to deal with the issue of migration along the Mediterranean (Bremmer, 2015). Since it is permanent and not subject to judicial review, the detention of insularisons in Libya is arbitrary under international law.  See Commission on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No.
6: Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children Outside their Country of Origin, U.N. Doc. CRC/GC/2005/6 (September 1, 2005), para. 27. Thus, before return, States should take into account the “particularly serious consequences for children of inadequate food or health services”. In general, states should ensure that any decision on the return of a child involves “individual assessment and determination